Reducing gender inequalities is imperative not only for reasons of fairness and equity but also out of economic necessity. Education, employment and entrepreneurship are key fields of action to overcome existing gender gaps. In developing countries, gender equality is not only critical for women’s empowerment, but also for improving development outcomes such as child health and overall educational attainment.
More women than men hold ‘bad’ jobs, typically in the informal sector, where they are exposed to discrimination, poor working conditions and low or no pay. All these factors have major implications for women’s health, well-being, economic and physical security, and often also on the conditions of their children. Gender equality is also an issue in developed countries where, despite much progress in terms of education, health and employment opportunities, women are often confined in lower paid occupations and poorly represented in management positions and elected assemblies. Measuring progress in terms of empowering women is very difficult, due to lack of good data, and to the assumption, used in all analysis of household economic conditions, that both men and women share equally in household economic resources.
The Ministry of Women and Child Development is implementing various schemes for women’s economic empowerment.
|Sr.NO||Name of the Programme||Shortly known as||Established on|
|1||Support to Training and Employment Programme For women||STEPW||2003-04|
|2||Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls||RGSEAG||2010|
|3||Rashitriya Mahila Kosh – National Credit Fund for women||1993|
|4||Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana||IGMSY|
|7||Support to Training And Employment Programme for Women||STEP||1986|
|8||Development of women and children in rural areas||DWCRA||1982|
|11||Gender Budgeting Scheme||GBS||2004|
|12||National Mission For Empowerment of Women||NMEW||2010|
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