The world was extremely chaotic in the early 2000s, considering that the terrorists have just attacked the United States of America and the Taliban along with many other extremist groups from the Middle East were rising at a very high rate.
In the late 2001, the government of the United States of America decided to invade Afghanistan, which was then led by the Taliban government.
The aims of the invasion were to dismantle the Al-Qaeda, who had just carried out the September 11 attacks weeks prior the invasioqqqqn.
USA at that time said that they were also doing it to make sure that the Taliban is removed from the power that it had in the country.
When the USA and the United Kingdom decided to invade Afghanistan, the Taliban were ruling around 90 percent of the country at that time.
Why Did The USA Want To Invade Afghanistan?
After the 9/11 attacks, George W. Bush, the president of the United States of America, demanded that the Taliban should hand over Osama Bin Laden and remove Al-Qaeda from their country.
When the demands were being made by the USA, Bin Laden was already wanted in the entire world. However, his roles in the 9/11 attacks made him more dangerous.
The demands of the USA were declined by the Taliban regime and told the USA that they would only give Bin Laden to them if they showed them convincing evidence that Bin Laden was involved or behind the attacks. They also ignored the demands to shut down terrorists bases and over terrorists that were in the FBI Most Wanted list.
Just like the Taliban, the USA dismissed the demands of the Taliban, which led them to launch the Operation Enduring Freedom on October 7, 2001, with the United Kingdom.q
Who Joined The Fight With The USA?
The United Kingdom and the USA were fighting the Taliban members head to head for 2 years before the Northern Alliance troops joined them in the fight.
In just a couple of months, the USA and its allies rapidly drove the Taliban from power by December 17, 2001.
They also built multiple bases near major cities across the entire country with hopes of protecting the citizens from getting attacked by the Taliban and to keep the terrorists away.
Where Did The Taliban Go?
As the US soldiers were rapidly pushing out the Taliban and Al-Qaeda away from major cities, most members of the two terrorist organization were forced to escape to Pakistan and go to rural or remote regions of other Muslim countries.
Who Ruled Afghanistan After The Taliban Were Dethroned?
In December of 2001, the UNSC (United Nations Security Council) established the ISAF (International Security Assistance Force) to oversee military operations in the country and train the Afghan National Security Forces.
In 2001, Hamid Karzai was elected to head the Afghan Interim Administration, which after a 2002 grand assembly in Kabul became the Afghan Transitional Administration.
In 2004, official elections were carried out and Hamid Karzai was elected as the president of the country, which was then named as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
A year before that, the NATO became involved as an alliance in taking the helm of the ISAF.
A portion of the US forces in Afghanistan operated under the command of NATO and the other portion remained under the direct command of the United States of America.
In 2002, Mullah Omar, a Taliban leader, reorganized the movement and launched an insurgency against the government and to avenge the fact that their group was overthrown after the invasion.
How Many People Died In Afghanistan?
According to official data, around 75,000 military and police officers in Afghanistan died while fighting in the war against the Taliban and other terrorist organizations in the country.
Around 71,334 civilians died directly because of the war that was brought upon them by the Taliban and the invasion.
What Happened In 2001?
Al-Qaeda operatives hijacked 4 commercial airlines and crashed them into the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in Washington, DC.
The fourth plane crashed in a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. According to official reports, around 3 thousand people died in the attacks.
None of the 19 hijackers of the planes were Afghanistan nationals.
Mohammed Atta, an Egyptian, led the group, and fifteen of the other hijackers originated from Saudi Arabia, said official statements from the United States of America.
Where Did Osama Bin Laden Go After The Invasion?
After the invasion, Bin Laden was forced to escape the country and is believed that he went directly to hide in Pakistan, where he was heavily guarded and protected.
Osama Bin Laden Death
On May 1, 2011, Bin Laden was killed by the US forces in Pakistan.
The death of Bin Laden happened 10 years after he escaped Afghanistan. His death was officially announced by President Barack Obama at that time.
Obama then announced after the death of Bin Laden that they are going to withdraw some of the thirty thousand surge troops that were in Afghanistan at that time.
Pakistan And Their Love For Bringing In Terrorists
Pakistan is known for providing safe haven for terrorists that are on the run or are trying to recover from the war that they were fighting in.
One of the most known terrorist, Osama Bin Laden was killed by troops of the USA in Pakistan 10 years after he went on the run.
Recently, Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin spoke over phone with Pakistan Army chief Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa and told them that Pakistan needs to shut down safe havens for Taliban militants.