Pepper is one of the most popular, powerful, oldest spices, exotic aroma, flavor and has a pungent odor. It was used in special dishes in the early Middle Ages and has been a staple in Asian cuisine, especially India since ancient times. The latter was used as currency and as a sacred offering. It was used in biblical times and the ancient Romans and Greeks. Pepper is adigestive, antioxidant stimulant, culinary spice with nutrients, antibacterial properties and health benefits like fighting free radicals.
Pepper’s specialty is that it can be processed differently the same fruit to produce four types of peppercorns: white, red ,black, and green. The mesocarp has some sugar and volatile aromatics, white pepper has a different flavor, preserving the sharpness. Of these, black pepper is the most common, while white pepper is used in some kitchens. The outer shell or mesocarp is removed to produce white pepper.
Health Benefits of pepper
Pepper is a digestive and stimulant, which stimulates the taste buds and appetite; also increases the hydrochloric acid that aids digestion.Pepper is commonly known as an ingredient in cooking, but also has many health benefits. . It is carminative and prevents flatulence and dyspepsia. It also helps in absorption of other nutrients such as beta carotene and coenzyme Q-10.
Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties help to eliminate toxins through sweating and even prevent cancer.Due to the antioxidant qualities, pepper neutralizes the harmful effects of free radicals and prevents skin problems and degenerative diseases.
Pepper has nutrients such ascarbohydrates, fiber, vitamins protein, and minerals. These include,, thiamine, niacin, vitamin K, iron, manganese, calcium, carotene, riboflavin, phosphorus and iron. The mesocarp has a resin called chavicine giving acrimony.
Pepper is antispasmodic, which brings relief in muscle cramps and spasms. Finally, it is an antidepressant.Pepper relievesdizziness, diarrhea and cholera nausea, , and acts as an anticonvulsant. Is also a diuretic and increases urine production
Other functions of pepper:
Pepper is used in combination with honey to increase memory.In Ayurveda, the traditional Indian system of medicine, pepper seeds are used to treat nasal congestion and sinusitis.
It is used externally for muscle aches.Pepper is a common ingredient in many remedies for coughs and colds and dental home and problems related to gums. Black pepper oil is helpful in relieving arthritis and rheumatism.
Pepper stimulates the breakdown of fat cells to aid in weight loss. Piperine, an active chemical ingredient in pepper is good for skin conditions such as vitiligo.
Culinary uses pepper :
White pepper is commonly used in Western cuisine, while black pepper is popular in Asian dishes. It is an essential ingredient in Vietnamese soups and a special seasoning in Cambodia. Pepper is a spicy and aromatic spice that adds flavor and aroma to sauces, stews, vegetable dishes, soups and salads. Can be combined with other ingredients and spices like turmeric and cloves to flavor all kinds of dish.
Pepper is exotic and aromatic “king of spices,” with many health benefits such as combating harmful free radicals, promote digestion and relieve cramps, and conditions such as skin problems. Apart from being a popular culinary ingredient, is used in many traditional remedies.