Young women are less likely than young men to be given medication after suffering a heart attack, concludes a new study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association Circulation.
It is recommended that both hearts attack survivors men and women take ACE inhibitors, beta blockers, and statins to prevent another heart attack. However, studies have documented that rates of drugs used to prevent a recurring heart attack are lower among women than among men.
“There are two possible reasons as to why women have fewer cardiovascular drugs than men on an outpatient basis,” says Kate Smolina, lead author of the study and postdoctoral researcher in Pharmacoepidemiology and Medicines Policy at the center for health services and policy research at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
“Well as a result of the behavior of prescribing physicians because patients do not take their prescribed medication or both,” lists this expert. The researchers analyzed data from more than 12,000 heart attack patients who survived for at least a year in British Columbia between 2007 and 2009.
The study’s authors found that after leaving the hospital, only 65 percent of women under age 55 began treatment at all appropriate drugs after a heart attack, compared with 75 percent of men in the same age group. There were no differences between men and women in adherence to treatment; ie once in therapy, men and women tend to continue it or leave it in the same proportions.
“The gender gap at the start of treatment among younger women is an important finding because younger women are much worse after suffering a heart attack than men of the same age señala Karin Humphries, Ph.D. Science, co-author of the study and associate professor of cardiology at the University of Columbia Británica. This finding suggests that younger women should be treated aggressively, especially when we have drugs that work “.
While the researchers could not determine clearly whether gender differences in treatment initiation were driven prescribing practices of the physician or the patient’s behavior, the authors of this paper believe that more focus is needed in the treatment of young women after a heart attack.
“It is important for physicians and patients to stay away from the traditional thinking that heart disease is a man’s disease,” says Smolina. “Heart disease in young women have only recently received research attention, making it possible for doctors and patients still have the misperception that these heart drugs pose risks for younger women” She poses.
According to Nadia Khan, another author of the study and general internist at St. Paul’s hospital in Vancouver, Canada, patients should ask their doctors if they have been prescribed drugs all known to benefit the survivors of heart attacks, to be kept informed about therapies and what it is used. The doctor must make sure they take their medication as directed.