Republic Day History, Story Behind Republic Day in Hindi Kannada Telugu – Speech Essay for January 26: Republic Day is an event that commemorates the date, 26 January 1950 on which the “Constitution of India” came to existence by replacing Government of India Act 1935. This day is very significant in Indian history as on this day India became republic from the ‘British Dominion’. January 26, 1950 is one of the most important days for every Indian. On this special day, the constitution of India came into force and a truly sovereign state was born. Attaining independence and becoming a republic nation was the biggest challenge that India had to face in the 20th century.
The people of India sacrificed their life for the sake of nation’s freedom and stood firmly along with political leaders to drive away the British. At last, on August 15, 1947, a century long freedom struggle came to an end and India became independent after 200 years of slavery. Although India became independent on August 5, 1947, it was still under the governance of British Empire. Until the constitution of India came into force, King George VI headed the government of independent India. Seeds of republic were sown by Jawaharlal Nehru in the Lahore session of Indian National Congress, held in the midnight hour of December 31, 1930. In the meeting, the tri-color flag was unfurled and a pledge of celebrating Republic Day on January 26th of every year was taken by the nationalists. Political leaders namely, Mahatma Gandhi, Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, and Mohammad Ali Jinnah openly challenged the British Empire to stop the people of India in getting their right of freedom.The professed pledge was successfully redeemed on January 26, 1950, when the Constitution of India framed by the Constituent Assembly of India came into force, although the Independence from the British rule was already achieved on August 15, 1947. It is because of this fact that August 15 is celebrated as Independence Day, while January 26 as Republic Day.
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Immediately after the independence of India, on August 2, 1947, the drafting body was appointed by the Constituent Assembly, with Dr Bheem Rao Ambedkar as the Chairman along with six other members as constitutional advisor. It took around 2 years, 11 month and 18 days to build the constitution of India.A draft constitution was prepared and submitted to the Assembly on 4th November 1947. After many considerations and some modifications the 308 members of the Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document on 24th January 1950. Two days later the constitution came into effect throughout the nation that is on 26th January 1950. The Indian Constitution included 395 Articles and 8 Schedules consisting almost 80,000 words. Indian Constituent Assembly adopted nation’s Constitution on November 26, 1949 and the January 26 of the following year was chosen as the Republic Day of India. After the withdrawal of British Rule in 1947 it took India 894 days to come up with its own constitution.
For the first time election were held and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first President of India. He took the oath at the Durban Hall in the Government House, which was followed by the Presidential drive to the Irwin Stadium. He unrolled the National Flag at the stadium. This transition of India into a sovereign democratic republic nation is indeed a historical event.Every year, January 26 is celebrated with great zest to honor the sacrifice and struggles of India’s freedom activist and those who participated in making the country’s constitution. On this auspicious occasion, President of India hoists the tri-color national flag at the Red Fort and addresses the nation from its rampart. Republic Day had a remarkable history, has a tremendous present and will have bright future.